The carriage of passengers and goods declined in 2014

According to Statistics Estonia, in 2014, the number of passengers served by Estonian transport enterprises decreased by 2% and the freight volume in tonnes decreased by 5% compared to the previous year. Passenger traffic volume increased by 6% in passenger-kilometres, but freight turnover fell 15% in tonne-kilometres.

In 2014, the number of passengers carried by Estonian transport enterprises amounted to 211 million. 92.7% of these passengers were carried by road, 4.1% by sea, 2.8% by rail and 0.4% by air.

3% fewer passengers used road transport, compared to 2013. There were 195.6 million passengers in total and 85% of them, i.e. about 167 million passengers, used urban transport (i.e. buses, trams and trolleybuses). The number of passengers using county lines was about 17 million (up by 2% compared to 2013). National non-scheduled transport was used by 5 million passengers (up by one third). The number of passengers was 4.4 million on domestic highway lines (down by 2%) and 808,700 on international lines (up by 10%). In 2014, the passenger traffic volume of road transport enterprises decreased by 2% and was 2.6 billion passenger-kilometres.

In 2014, Estonian sea transport enterprises carried 8.7 million passengers, which is 1% less than in 2013. The number of passengers carried was 2.2 million in domestic sea traffic (up by 4%) and 6.5 million in international sea traffic (down by 3%). The passenger traffic volume of sea transport enterprises decreased by 4% and was nearly 1.2 billion passenger-kilometres in 2014.

Last year, with the arrival of new trains, the number of passengers using rail transport increased significantly. Around 5.9 million passengers were carried by rail, which is 41% more than in 2013. 5.8 million passengers were carried in domestic rail traffic (up by 43%) and 97,100 passengers were carried in international rail traffic (down by a fifth compared to 2013). The passenger traffic volume of rail transport enterprises increased by 26% and was 281.7 million passenger-kilometres.

In 2014, Estonian air transport enterprises carried 771,300 passengers. This is 1% more than in 2013. 17,800 passengers were carried in domestic air traffic (down by 7%) and 753,500 passengers were carried in international air traffic (up by 2%). The passenger traffic volume of air transport enterprises increased by 29% and was 1.4 billion passenger-kilometres in 2014. Scheduled passenger air transport decreased, but the increase in passenger turnover was due to the growth in charter flights.

In 2014, 75.1 million tonnes of goods were carried by Estonian transport enterprises, of which nearly 50% was carried by road, 48% by rail and 2% by sea.

Despite the overall decrease in goods transport volumes, road transport companies carried nearly 37.2 million tonnes of goods in 2014, which is 12% more than in 2013. 23.6 million tonnes of goods were transported in domestic road traffic and 13.6 million tonnes in international traffic. Freight turnover increased by 7% compared to 2013 and totalled 6.9 billion tonne-kilometres. There was a growth both in domestic transport and in international transport.

In 2014, the amount of goods carried by rail was nearly a fifth smaller than the year before, amounting to 36.3 million tonnes. The year-over-year decrease in freight volume in 2014 was the largest since 2007 and 2008. 20.1 million tonnes of goods were transported in domestic rail traffic and 16.2 million tonnes in international traffic. Freight turnover decreased by a third compared to 2013 and amounted to 3.3 billion tonne-kilometres.

Estonian sea transport enterprises carried 1.6 million tonnes of goods in 2014, which is 17% less than in 2013. The freight turnover in sea transport decreased by more than a half compared to 2013 and amounted to 425 million tonne-kilometres.

Estonian air transport enterprises carried 3,000 tonnes of cargo and the freight turnover was 1.8 million tonne-kilometres in 2014. Compared to 2013, there was 50% more cargo transported and freight turnover increased by 19%. Among the cargo transported by air, the carriage of postal shipments increased.

Carriage of passengers and goods

by transport enterprises, 2014

Passengers, millions Passenger traffic volume, billion pkm Freight, million tonnes Freight turnover, billion tkm
Total 211.0 5.5 75.1 10.6
Road transport 195.6 2.6 37.2 6.9
..urban transport 167.0 0.8 - -
Rail transport 5.9 0.3 36.3 3.3
Sea transport 8.7 1.2 1.6 0.4
Air transport 0.8 1.4 0 0

- magnitude nilThe data of Estonian transport enterprises are collected and published according to the enterprise’s principal activity. The enterprise’s principal activity is determined based on the Estonian Classification of Economic Activities (EMTAK (NACE)): land transport (rail and road), water transport and air transport.

Passenger traffic volume is the volume of work done in the transport of passengers. It is measured in passenger-kilometres (pkm). One passenger-kilometre is the transport of one person across a distance of one kilometre.

Freight turnover is the volume of work done in the transport of goods. It is measured in tonne-kilometres (tkm). One tonne-kilometre is the transport of one tonne of goods across a distance of one kilometre.

 

Source: Statistics Estonia

Ferry service between Sillamae and Ust-Luga reopens

After a five-month hiatus, ferry service between the Port of Sillamae in Northeast Estonia and the Russian port of Ust-Luga has been re-opened, reported ERR.

This is the only regular sea route between Estonia and Russia.The ferry that takes both cars and passengers aboard departures daily.

Read more from BBN

State may regulate taxi tariffs in Tallinn

Parliament is reading the draft act of public transport which would create a possibility for regulating taxi tariffs, writes Eesti Päevaleht.

Under the draft act, local governments would be given the right to establish a maximum permitted tariff for taxis if there are problems in provision of taxi service in their local government.

Read more from BBN

The consumer price index was influenced the most by transport

According to Statistics Estonia, the change of the consumer price index in November 2014 was -0.8% compared to October 2014 and -0.6% compared to November of the previous year.

Compared to November 2013, goods were 0.8% and services 0.4% cheaper.

Regulated prices of goods and services have fallen by 0.3% and by non-regulated prices 0.7% compared to November of the previous year.

Compared to November 2013, the consumer price index was influenced the most by transport, where motor fuel was 4.4% cheaper than last year. The impact of electricity, heat energy and fuel was somewhat smaller with the electricity that arrived at homes being 6.6% cheaper and heat energy 1.3% cheaper. Compared to the same period of the previous year, 3.1% more expensive alcoholic beverages and 7.4% more expensive tobacco also had a bigger impact on the index. Compared to November 2014, of food products, the prices of conserved milk have increased the most (17%), and the prices of sugar, potatoes and apples have decreased the most (43%, 20% and 19%, respectively).

In November compared to October, the consumer price index was mainly influenced by transport which accounted for a half of the decrease because of 29% cheaper plane tickets and 2.1% cheaper motor fuel. Compared to October, of food products, the prices of cucumbers and grapes increased the most (41% and 39%, respectively) and the prices of mandarins decreased the most (26%).

Change of the consumer price index by commodity groups, November 2014
Commodity group November 2013 –
November 2014, %
October 2014 –
November 2014, %
TOTAL -0.6 -0.8
Food and non-alcoholic beverages -0.8 -0.8
Alcoholic beverages and tobacco 3.1 -0.8
Clothing and footwear 0.5 0.0
Housing -1.5 -0.1
Household goods 1.2 0.1
Health 2.6 0.2
Transport -3.3 -2.7
Communications -2.5 -0.4
Recreation and culture 0.8 -0.5
Education -21.9 0.0
Hotels. cafés and restaurants 4.1 -1.0
Miscellaneous goods and services 1.8 -1.0

Source: Statistics Estonia

Cabinet agreed on potential routes for Rail Baltic

On Thursday, the Cabinet endorsed the preferred route corridors for Rail Baltic as proposed by the Ministry of Economic Affairs and Communications (MEAC) and consultants.

A more detailed examination will be conducted on two prospective routes in Harju county and the northern part of Rapla county and on one route in the southern part of Rapla county. The preferred route options in Harju county include the solution proposed by the county governor and the route corridor east of the Nabala Nature Reserve. In the southern part of Rapla county, the Government supported the route option 16d, proposed by the county governor, taking the rail track even further to the east from Kohila small town and Prillimäe village. In Pärnu county, work continues on one route corridor, which runs over fields and is least disruptive to the sensitive natural environment while also saving almost 11 million euros in costs.

The Minister of Economic Affairs and Infrastructures will propose a preferred route option for Harju county and the northern part of Rapla county to the Government in the spring of the coming year, following the publication of a draft plan. MEAC also continues development of a conceptual design for the entire route.

Furthermore, MEAC and the Technical Surveillance Authority have to draw up proportional alleviation measures to reduce the negative impact of railway construction on the built, natural, economic and cultural environments near the railway.

The length of the route in Estonia will be approximately 211 kilometres; it will cost 1.1 billion euros to build, of which 650 million will be paid from the EU budget and 500 million from Estonia’s contribution to cost-sharing.

The next stage will be drafting of more detailed plans for track crossings, various access routes and new transport links. The preliminary draft plan will be presented in the beginning of 2015 during public consultations in local governments.

Rail Baltic is an envisaged railway to connect Estonia with the rest of Europe as well as with the neighbouring Latvia and Lithuania. Supported by EU funding, the project is currently at a preparatory stage, with construction expected to start in 2017 or 2018.

Source: Government Communication Unit via Estonian Review

Tallinn Airport among the best airports in Europe

Tallinn Airport is among the best airports in Europe, based on the overall airport experience determined by travellers who had taken the site’s 2014 airport survey.

The survey conducted by airport guide Sleeping in Airports says that thoughtful touches like rest and relaxation zones, art galleries and museums, libraries that offer book rentals and exchanges, baby-beds in family rooms, and a few fitness and spa facilities help boost the impressiveness of the airports in the list.

Read more from BBN

Estonian Air teams up with tour operators

Estonian Air has signed a cooperation agreement with tour operators Novatours and TEZ Tour to increase its share on the market of charter flights. According to the agreement Estonian Air will operate flights to Turkey and Croatia in 2015.

“This agreement is good news for the airline, tour operators and to all holiday takers from Estonia. It is convenient for passengers to communicate on board of an aircraft in their own language, as well as to see smiling crew members of their domestic airline on their holiday commute. We pay more attention to the market of charter flights so that we can keep our aircraft in regular operation and thus use the free capacity of our fleet economically,” said Indrek Randveer, the CCO of Estonian Air.

Read more from BBN

Follow

Get every new post delivered to your Inbox.