Parliamentary elections on 1st March won Reform Party who got 30 seats (27.7% of all votes) out of 101 in Estonian Parliament (Riigikogu). Second position got Centre Party, who got 27 seats. Although Centre Party got around 25% votes, the win was quite narrow, as three persons won 1/3 and Edgar Savisaar, leader of the Party, alone 18% of all votes of the Party.
What is different this time, is that two additional political parties (Estonian Free Party and Conservative People’s Party of Estonia) got into the Parliament as well. Thus, instead of four political parties from 2011 elections, Riigikogu will have six parties this time.
Estonian Reform Party (classical liberalism) 30 seats
Estonian Centre Party (centrism, social liberalism) 27
Social Democratic Party (social democracy) 15
Pro Patria and Res Publica Union (Christian democracy, national conservatism) 14
Estonian Free Party (national conservatism) 8
Conservative People’s Party of Estonia (national conservatism) 7
Participation rate was 64.2% (63.5% in 2011), whereas 19.6% voted through internet (15.4% in 2011).
President has promised to make a proposal to form government to the party who wins the elections. Previous coalition (since March 2014) consisted of Reform Party (PM is from Reform Party) and Social Democrats. Political platforms of all parties before elections were full on populism, but the real policy will be established through coalition negotiations. It’s too early to say how much Estonian economic policy will change and evaluate its impact. Reform Party and Social Democrats apparently will continue their cooperation, but there have to be a third party as well to form a coalition. I do not expect that this party can be a substantial game changer and will bring about principle changes in current economic policy.
It is important to note that all political parties have declared that they will not form a coalition with Centre Party, primarily due to its leader’s, Edgar Savisaar, unacceptable views on Russia and the Party’s alleged agreement with United Russia (in Russian, Edinaja Rossija), the party in power.