The quantity of sold pesticides increased by 17 pct

According to Statistics Estonia, 752 tonnes of pesticides by active substance were placed on the market in Estonia in 2019. The majority were herbicides.

Herbicides accounted for 70%, fungicides for 14%, growth regulators for 10% and insecticides for 4% of the total quantity of pesticides sold. In 2019, there was an increase in the quantity of herbicides sold, and to a smaller extent in the quantities of insecticides and growth regulators. Sales of fungicides decreased.

According to Swen Peterson, analyst at Statistics Estonia, various herbicides have been the most sold plant protection products for years. “Last year, 531 tonnes of herbicides were sold, which is nearly a quarter more than in 2018. Sales did not, however, exceed 2016 quantities, when 604 tonnes were sold,” added Peterson.

Compared to other European Union countries, the quantities of pesticides placed on the market in Estonia are relatively small. For example, in 2018, the quantities of the three major types of pesticides sold were 79,000 tonnes in France, 61,000 tonnes in Spain and 42,000 tonnes in Germany. The sales of these three product categories in Estonia totalled 670 tonnes in 2019. The amounts of sold plant protection products per hectare of utilised agricultural area were 9 kg in Cyprus, 8 kg in Malta and 4 kg in the Netherlands in 2018, in contrast to 0.7 kg per hectare in Estonia in 2019.

Read more from Statistics Estonia

Record crop harvests in 2019

2019 was a favourable year for crop farmers, resulting in record total production as well as production per hectare. According to Statistics Estonia, the total production of cereals was 1,625,000 tonnes. The total production of potatoes was 120,500 tonnes, which is the largest in the last six years. The production of open-field vegetables was 77,000 tonnes.

After several unfavourable years, cereal production in 2019 was 77% higher than in 2018 and 6% higher than in 2015, when the weather also suited farmers. The total production of cereals included 847,000 tonnes of wheat, 523,000 tonnes of barley and 119,000 tonnes of rye. Cereal yield per hectare was 4.5 tonnes, which is the highest figure so far.

The largest sown area of cereals in the past quarter of a century, i.e. 364,000 hectares, contributed to the record harvest. For the first time, winter crops accounted for almost a half of the sown area of cereals and more than a half of production, with a remarkable average yield per hectare of 5.3 tonnes. The yield of summer crops at 3.7 tonnes per hectare was significantly lower.

Cereal production hit records in more than half of the counties. The average yield varied from 3.2 tonnes in Ida-Viru county to 3.4 tonnes in Hiiu county to 5.3 tonnes in Jõgeva county. These were the highest recorded yields for both Hiiu and Jõgeva counties.

The total production of dry pulses and winter rape was also record high, respectively, 111,000 tonnes and 148,000 tonnes. The sown area of dry pulses was 43,000 hectares and, similarly to rape and turnip rape seed, it decreased in the last two years. However, the sown area of winter rape and winter turnip rape increased to 51,000 hectares, accounting for as much as 71% of the total area of rape and turnip rape seed. The yield per hectare of dry pulses and winter rape did not surpass the level of 2015 when it was 2.6 tonnes and 2.9 tonnes, respectively.

The year was favourable also for the production of potatoes and open-field vegetables. The sown area of potatoes, which had been in decline for a long time, grew to 5,300 hectares. The average yield per hectare hit a record of 22.6 tonnes. The previous record yield was in 2015, at 20.1 tonnes per hectare. The production of potatoes per person (total production in Estonia divided by the number of population) was 91 kilogrammes. The largest potato production was in Tartu, Viljandi, Võru and Harju counties. While the sown area of open-field vegetables decreased in the last two years, the yield per hectare of 24.8 tonnes was the highest in the last eight years.

Source: Statistics Estonia

See graph here

Egg production was the smallest in years

According to preliminary data of Statistics Estonia, in 2019, milk production increased by 3% and meat production by 5%, while egg production was smaller than ever. Compared to 2018, the number of dairy cows, sheep and poultry decreased, while the number of pigs increased.

In 2019, the production of eggs amounted to 145.3 million, which is 29% less than in 2018. Production has decreased since the first quarter of 2018 and reached an all-time low of 30 million eggs in the 4th quarter of 2019. The number of poultry decreased 5% year on year, totaling 2 million at the end of 2019.

At the end of 2019, cattle numbered 254,000, including 85,000 dairy cows. Compared to the same time a year ago, there was 0.8% more cattle, whereas the number of dairy cows fell by 0.2%. There is a continuing trend that the number of dairy cows declines, but the annual average milk yield per cow increases. In 2019, the average milk yield per cow was 9,633 kilograms, i.e. 346 kilograms more than in 2018. The total milk production was 821,500 tonnes, which is an increase of 3% compared to the previous year.

There were 306,300 pigs in Estonia, which is the highest number in the last five years. Sheep and goats totalled 74,400 and their number has decreased in the last five years. In 2019, compared to 2018, there were 5% less sheep and goats, while compared to 2015, the decrease was 18%.

The production of meat increased by 5% year on year. 77,800 tonnes (carcass weight) of livestock and poultry were sold for slaughter (incl. export) and slaughtered in holdings. The production of beef decreased by 6% and mutton and goat meat by 13%. The production of pork increased by 8% and poultry meat by 5%.

Source: Statistics Estonia

See graph here

10 pct less pesticides in 2018

According to Statistics Estonia, 643 tonnes of pesticides by active substance were placed on the market in Estonia in 2018, which is 10% less than the year before.

Herbicides accounted for 67%, fungicides 17%, growth regulators 11% and insecticides 4% of the total quantity of pesticides sold. In 2018, the quantity of growth regulators sold decreased by almost a quarter compared to 2017. The quantities of herbicides and fungicides sold also decreased, while the quantity of insecticides placed on the marked slightly increased in 2018.

Compared with 2014, the quantity of sold plant protection products was 6% higher in 2018. For example, the sales of growth regulators increased by a third and the sales of fungicides by a quarter. The quantities of herbicides and insecticides sold remained at about the same level.

Pesticides are used not only for agricultural purposes, but also in forestry, wood processing industry, road and railway maintenance, sports and playgrounds and parks. Anyone can buy plant protection products for use in their own garden.

Read more from Statistics Estonia

Estonian companies sold 944 tonnes of commercial fish and crayfish

Rainbow troutAccording to Statistics Estonia, in 2018, aquaculture enterprises sold 944 tonnes of commercial fish and crayfish, with a total value of 4.2 million euros. The volume of aquaculture production sold in 2018 was highest in the last twenty five years.

The volume of production sold grew by almost a tenth compared to 2017, when 870 tonnes of commercial fish and crayfish was sold. The production of commercial fish and crayfish has remained at this level for the last five years – in 2014, the volume of production sold amounted to 869 tonnes.

Rainbow trout is the most cultivated and sold fish species in Estonia, and its share in the aquaculture production continues to increase. In 2014, rainbow trout accounted for 66% of the total quantity of commercial fish and crayfish sold, but in 2018, the share was already 85%. In 2018, the quantity of rainbow trout sold was 804 tonnes, with a total value of slightly over 3.3 million euros – this was also the highest quantity sold throughout the years.

The European crayfish was sold in the amount of 0.58 tonnes. Compared to 2017, the production volume decreased by a third. However, compared to 2012, when 0.1 tonnes were sold, the sales of crayfish have increased.

In addition to rainbow trout and the European crayfish, other fish species are farmed and sold in Estonia: tench, eel, the African sharptooth catfish, carp, catfish, sturgeons (the Siberian and Russian sturgeon), grass carp, etc.

The amount of fish roe for consumption sold in 2018 totalled 3.2 tonnes, which is approximately 0.6 tonnes less than in 2017. In 2018, the value of sold fish roe for consumption totalled slightly over 100,000 euros, while in 2017, it was 115,000 euros.

In 2018, of the total production of commercial fish and crayfish, 1% was exported, which is 4 percentage points less than in 2017. Mainly eel and to a lesser extent rainbow trout and the European crayfish were exported.

Source: Statistics Estonia (see graph here)

Milk production increased year-on-year

According to the preliminary data of Statistics Estonia, the production of milk amounted to 807,500 tonnes in 2018, which is 2% more than the year before. The number of dairy cows decreased by the end of the year, but the average milk yield per cow increased.

On 31 December 2018, the number of cattle in Estonia was 255,100, of which 85,200 were dairy cows. Compared to the same time in 2017, the number of cattle increased by 1.5%, while the number of dairy cows decreased by 1.4%. Although the number of dairy cows declined, the average milk yield per cow continues to grow. In 2018, the average milk yield per cow was 9,326 kilograms, i.e. 167 kilograms more than in 2017.

At the end of 2018, there were 290,500 pigs and 78,300 sheep and goats in Estonia.

The number of pigs increased by 2%, and the number of sheep and goats decreased by 10% year-on-year. At the end of the year, there were 2.1 million poultry, which is 3% less than at the end of 2017.

In 2018, the production of eggs amounted to 206.6 million, which is 2% more than the year before.

112,900 tonnes (live weight) of livestock and poultry were sold for slaughter (incl. export) and slaughtered in holdings. The production of meat (live weight) increased by 6% year-on-year. The production of mutton and goat meat increased by 26%, the production of beef by 12% and the production of pork by 7%. Poultry meat production remained at the same level as in year 2017.

The statistics are based on the data of the register of farm animals of the Agricultural Registers and Information Board (ARIB) and on the data of Estonian Livestock Performance Recording Ltd, which by using models have been converted to the format necessary for producing statistics. In addition, the data of statistical questionnaires “Poultry. Quarter” and “Pigs. Quarter” have been used, the deadline of which was 8 January 2018. Statistics Estonia published the preliminary yearly summary of livestock farming in 12 working days. For the statistical activity “Livestock farming and meat production”, the main representative of public interest is the Ministry of Rural Affairs, commissioned by whom Statistics Estonia collects and analyses the data necessary for conducting this statistical activity.

Source: Statistics Estonia

Cereal yield decreased by a third

According to Statistics Estonia, the average yield of cereals was 2,625 kilograms per hectare in 2018. This is a third less than in 2017.

The total production of cereals in 2018 was 919,828 tonnes, which is 29.9% less than the year before. 450,265 tonnes of the production of cereals was wheat, 347,497 tonnes was barley and 29,511 tonnes was rye. The average yield per hectare was 2,913 kilograms for wheat, 2,509 kilograms for barley and 2,719 kilograms for rye.

In 2018, the sown area of cereals was larger than the year before. Cereals were grown on a total of 350,433 hectares, which is 6% more than in the preceding year. The sown area of wheat was 154,579 hectares – 8.9% less than in 2017. The sown area of barley increased by 35.1% and amounted to 138,485 hectares. The sown area of rye decreased by 18.5% compared to the preceding year and was 10,854 hectares.

The production of dry pulses was 70,966 tonnes, which is 5.8% less than in 2017. The average yield was 1,516 kilograms of dry pulses per hectare. Dry pulses were sown on 46,805 hectares, which is 28.6% less than in 2017. The sown area of dry pulses increased continuously over the past decade and decreased for the first time in 2018.

The production of rape and turnip rape seed was 113,595 tonnes. In 2018, rape and turnip rape were sown on 72,683 hectares. The average yield was 1,563 kilograms of rape and turnip rape seed per hectare. This means that the average yield of rape and turnip rape seed per hectare was also almost a third smaller compared to the preceding year.

In 2018, the production of potatoes was 88,434 tonnes, which is 3% less than the year before. The sown area of potatoes totalled 5,205 hectares. The average yield of potatoes was 16,990 kilograms per hectare.

The statistics are based on the Estonian Agricultural Registers and Information Board (ARIB) land use data and statistical questionnaire “Crop production”, the deadline of which was 1 November 2018. Statistics Estonia published the yearly summary of the data in 56 working days. For the statistical activity “Crop production”, the main representative of public interest is the Ministry of Rural Affairs, commissioned by whom Statistics Estonia collects and analyses the data necessary for conducting this statistical activity.

Source: Statistics Estonia

The quantity of pesticides sold decreased by one-sixth last year

According to Statistics Estonia, 706 tonnes of pesticides (by active substance) were placed on the market in 2017 in Estonia, which is 15% less than the year before.

Biological and mechanical plant protection products accounted for 0.1% of the total quantity of pesticides sold in 2017, the rest were chemical plant protection products.

Of the quantity of sold pesticides, 66% were herbicides, 17% were fungicides, 13% were growth regulators and 4% were insecticides. Compared to 2016, the quantity of sold herbicides decreased and the quantity of fungicides increased. The quantity of insecticides placed on the marked has also slightly decreased in the last couple of years.

Compared to 2012, the quantities of sold plant protection products have increased by a quarter in the last five years. In 2017, three times more growth regulators and almost double the quantity of fungicides were sold compared to five years prior. At the same time, the quantities of herbicides and insecticides have remained roughly at the same level.

Pesticides are used not only for agricultural purposes, but also in forestry, wood processing industry, road and railway maintenance, sports grounds, playgrounds and parks. Everyone can buy certain plant protection products for use in the garden.

Read more from Statistics Estonia

A lot of fish was sold in 2017

According to Statistics Estonia, in 2017, aquaculture enterprises sold 870 tonnes of commercial fish and crayfish, with a total value of 3.7 million euros. The volume of aquaculture production sold in 2017 was highest of the last five years.

In 2017, a record quantity of commercial fish and crayfish was sold. The quantity was only slightly smaller in 2014, when 869 tonnes was sold. The production of commercial fish and crayfish has remained at such a level for the last five years – the volume of aquaculture production sold in 2013 was 733 tonnes, whereas in 2017, the total quantity sold was 6% higher.

Rainbow trout has been cultivated and sold the most in Estonia throughout the years. The share of rainbow trout has increased year by year. In 2013, rainbow trout accounted for 63% of the total quantity of commercial fish and crayfish sold; in 2017, the share was 81%. In 2017, the quantity of rainbow trout sold was 702 tonnes, with a total value of slightly over 2.6 million euros – this was also the highest quantity sold throughout the years.

The European crayfish was sold in the amount of 0.8 tonnes, the production volume has increased 1.2 times compared to 2016. The monetary value of the European crayfish production increased approximately 1.1 times compared to 2016.

In addition to rainbow trout and the European crayfish, other fish species are farmed and sold – the Arctic char, the European eel, the African sharptooth catfish, common carp, wels catfish, sturgeons (the Siberian and Russian sturgeon) and grass carp.

The amount of fish roe for consumption sold in 2017 totalled 3.8 tonnes, which is approximately 1.1 tonnes less than in 2016. The monetary value of sold production decreased 1.1 times. In 2017, the value of sold fish roe for consumption totalled slightly over 115,000 euros, while in 2016, it was 127,800 euros.

In 2017, of the total production of commercial fish and grayfish, 5% was exported, which is 4 percentage points less than in 2016. Mainly the European eel and to a lesser extent the rainbow trout and the European crayfish were exported.Aquaculture production sold, 1998–2017

Statistics Estonia collects aquaculture data by surveying all enterprises with the principal or secondary activity of aquaculture. The frame of the surveyed enterprises has been compiled based on the register of enterprises recognised by the Estonian Fish Farmers Association and the Veterinary and Food Board, and on the data of the Statistical Profile. For the statistical activity “Aquaculture”, the main representative of public interest is the Ministry of Rural Affairs, commissioned by whom Statistics Estonia collects and analyses the data necessary for conducting the statistical activity.

Source: Statistics Estonia

Milk production increased slightly

According to the preliminary data of Statistics Estonia, the production of milk amounted to 791,800 tonnes in 2017, which is 1% more than the year before. The number of dairy cows increased slightly by the end of the year and also the average annual milk production per cow increased.

On 31 December 2017, the number of bovines in Estonia was 251,300, including 88,400 dairy cows. Compared to the same time of the previous year, the number of bovines increased by 1% and the number of dairy cows by 0.3%. The number of dairy cows has shown a downward trend over the past twenty years, with small increases in between. Today, it is again increasing slightly. At the same time, the average milk yield per cow has continuously increased. In 2017, the average milk yield per cow was 9,159 kilograms, i.e. 281 kilograms more than in 2016.

At the end of the year, there were 284,500 pigs and 86,800 sheep and goats in Estonia. The number of pigs increased by 7% and the number of sheep and goats decreased by 4% compared to the same time in 2016. At the end of the year, there were 2.2 million poultry, which is 3% more than at the end of 2016.

In 2017, the production of eggs amounted to 202.5 million, which is 2% more than in 2016. 106,200 tonnes (live weight) of livestock and poultry were sold for slaughter (incl. exports) and slaughtered in holdings; the production of meat (live weight) decreased by 9% compared to the previous year. The production of beef, pork, mutton and goat meat decreased, while the production of poultrymeat increased.Milk production per cow, 1994–2017

The statistics are based on the data of the register of farm animals of the Agricultural Registers and Information Board (ARIB) and on the data of Estonian Livestock Performance Recording Ltd, which by using models have been converted to the format necessary for producing statistics. In addition, the data of statistical questionnaires “Poultry. Quarter” and “Pigs. Quarter” have been used, the deadline of which was 8 January 2018. Statistics Estonia published the preliminary yearly summary of livestock farming in 12 working days. For the statistical activity “Livestock farming and meat production”, the main representative of public interest is the Ministry of Rural Affairs, commissioned by whom Statistics Estonia collects and analyses the data necessary for conducting this statistical activity.

Source: Statistics Estonia