Milk production increased year-on-year

According to the preliminary data of Statistics Estonia, the production of milk amounted to 807,500 tonnes in 2018, which is 2% more than the year before. The number of dairy cows decreased by the end of the year, but the average milk yield per cow increased.

On 31 December 2018, the number of cattle in Estonia was 255,100, of which 85,200 were dairy cows. Compared to the same time in 2017, the number of cattle increased by 1.5%, while the number of dairy cows decreased by 1.4%. Although the number of dairy cows declined, the average milk yield per cow continues to grow. In 2018, the average milk yield per cow was 9,326 kilograms, i.e. 167 kilograms more than in 2017.

At the end of 2018, there were 290,500 pigs and 78,300 sheep and goats in Estonia.

The number of pigs increased by 2%, and the number of sheep and goats decreased by 10% year-on-year. At the end of the year, there were 2.1 million poultry, which is 3% less than at the end of 2017.

In 2018, the production of eggs amounted to 206.6 million, which is 2% more than the year before.

112,900 tonnes (live weight) of livestock and poultry were sold for slaughter (incl. export) and slaughtered in holdings. The production of meat (live weight) increased by 6% year-on-year. The production of mutton and goat meat increased by 26%, the production of beef by 12% and the production of pork by 7%. Poultry meat production remained at the same level as in year 2017.

The statistics are based on the data of the register of farm animals of the Agricultural Registers and Information Board (ARIB) and on the data of Estonian Livestock Performance Recording Ltd, which by using models have been converted to the format necessary for producing statistics. In addition, the data of statistical questionnaires “Poultry. Quarter” and “Pigs. Quarter” have been used, the deadline of which was 8 January 2018. Statistics Estonia published the preliminary yearly summary of livestock farming in 12 working days. For the statistical activity “Livestock farming and meat production”, the main representative of public interest is the Ministry of Rural Affairs, commissioned by whom Statistics Estonia collects and analyses the data necessary for conducting this statistical activity.

Source: Statistics Estonia

Cereal yield decreased by a third

According to Statistics Estonia, the average yield of cereals was 2,625 kilograms per hectare in 2018. This is a third less than in 2017.

The total production of cereals in 2018 was 919,828 tonnes, which is 29.9% less than the year before. 450,265 tonnes of the production of cereals was wheat, 347,497 tonnes was barley and 29,511 tonnes was rye. The average yield per hectare was 2,913 kilograms for wheat, 2,509 kilograms for barley and 2,719 kilograms for rye.

In 2018, the sown area of cereals was larger than the year before. Cereals were grown on a total of 350,433 hectares, which is 6% more than in the preceding year. The sown area of wheat was 154,579 hectares – 8.9% less than in 2017. The sown area of barley increased by 35.1% and amounted to 138,485 hectares. The sown area of rye decreased by 18.5% compared to the preceding year and was 10,854 hectares.

The production of dry pulses was 70,966 tonnes, which is 5.8% less than in 2017. The average yield was 1,516 kilograms of dry pulses per hectare. Dry pulses were sown on 46,805 hectares, which is 28.6% less than in 2017. The sown area of dry pulses increased continuously over the past decade and decreased for the first time in 2018.

The production of rape and turnip rape seed was 113,595 tonnes. In 2018, rape and turnip rape were sown on 72,683 hectares. The average yield was 1,563 kilograms of rape and turnip rape seed per hectare. This means that the average yield of rape and turnip rape seed per hectare was also almost a third smaller compared to the preceding year.

In 2018, the production of potatoes was 88,434 tonnes, which is 3% less than the year before. The sown area of potatoes totalled 5,205 hectares. The average yield of potatoes was 16,990 kilograms per hectare.

The statistics are based on the Estonian Agricultural Registers and Information Board (ARIB) land use data and statistical questionnaire “Crop production”, the deadline of which was 1 November 2018. Statistics Estonia published the yearly summary of the data in 56 working days. For the statistical activity “Crop production”, the main representative of public interest is the Ministry of Rural Affairs, commissioned by whom Statistics Estonia collects and analyses the data necessary for conducting this statistical activity.

Source: Statistics Estonia

The quantity of pesticides sold decreased by one-sixth last year

According to Statistics Estonia, 706 tonnes of pesticides (by active substance) were placed on the market in 2017 in Estonia, which is 15% less than the year before.

Biological and mechanical plant protection products accounted for 0.1% of the total quantity of pesticides sold in 2017, the rest were chemical plant protection products.

Of the quantity of sold pesticides, 66% were herbicides, 17% were fungicides, 13% were growth regulators and 4% were insecticides. Compared to 2016, the quantity of sold herbicides decreased and the quantity of fungicides increased. The quantity of insecticides placed on the marked has also slightly decreased in the last couple of years.

Compared to 2012, the quantities of sold plant protection products have increased by a quarter in the last five years. In 2017, three times more growth regulators and almost double the quantity of fungicides were sold compared to five years prior. At the same time, the quantities of herbicides and insecticides have remained roughly at the same level.

Pesticides are used not only for agricultural purposes, but also in forestry, wood processing industry, road and railway maintenance, sports grounds, playgrounds and parks. Everyone can buy certain plant protection products for use in the garden.

Read more from Statistics Estonia

A lot of fish was sold in 2017

According to Statistics Estonia, in 2017, aquaculture enterprises sold 870 tonnes of commercial fish and crayfish, with a total value of 3.7 million euros. The volume of aquaculture production sold in 2017 was highest of the last five years.

In 2017, a record quantity of commercial fish and crayfish was sold. The quantity was only slightly smaller in 2014, when 869 tonnes was sold. The production of commercial fish and crayfish has remained at such a level for the last five years – the volume of aquaculture production sold in 2013 was 733 tonnes, whereas in 2017, the total quantity sold was 6% higher.

Rainbow trout has been cultivated and sold the most in Estonia throughout the years. The share of rainbow trout has increased year by year. In 2013, rainbow trout accounted for 63% of the total quantity of commercial fish and crayfish sold; in 2017, the share was 81%. In 2017, the quantity of rainbow trout sold was 702 tonnes, with a total value of slightly over 2.6 million euros – this was also the highest quantity sold throughout the years.

The European crayfish was sold in the amount of 0.8 tonnes, the production volume has increased 1.2 times compared to 2016. The monetary value of the European crayfish production increased approximately 1.1 times compared to 2016.

In addition to rainbow trout and the European crayfish, other fish species are farmed and sold – the Arctic char, the European eel, the African sharptooth catfish, common carp, wels catfish, sturgeons (the Siberian and Russian sturgeon) and grass carp.

The amount of fish roe for consumption sold in 2017 totalled 3.8 tonnes, which is approximately 1.1 tonnes less than in 2016. The monetary value of sold production decreased 1.1 times. In 2017, the value of sold fish roe for consumption totalled slightly over 115,000 euros, while in 2016, it was 127,800 euros.

In 2017, of the total production of commercial fish and grayfish, 5% was exported, which is 4 percentage points less than in 2016. Mainly the European eel and to a lesser extent the rainbow trout and the European crayfish were exported.Aquaculture production sold, 1998–2017

Statistics Estonia collects aquaculture data by surveying all enterprises with the principal or secondary activity of aquaculture. The frame of the surveyed enterprises has been compiled based on the register of enterprises recognised by the Estonian Fish Farmers Association and the Veterinary and Food Board, and on the data of the Statistical Profile. For the statistical activity “Aquaculture”, the main representative of public interest is the Ministry of Rural Affairs, commissioned by whom Statistics Estonia collects and analyses the data necessary for conducting the statistical activity.

Source: Statistics Estonia

Milk production increased slightly

According to the preliminary data of Statistics Estonia, the production of milk amounted to 791,800 tonnes in 2017, which is 1% more than the year before. The number of dairy cows increased slightly by the end of the year and also the average annual milk production per cow increased.

On 31 December 2017, the number of bovines in Estonia was 251,300, including 88,400 dairy cows. Compared to the same time of the previous year, the number of bovines increased by 1% and the number of dairy cows by 0.3%. The number of dairy cows has shown a downward trend over the past twenty years, with small increases in between. Today, it is again increasing slightly. At the same time, the average milk yield per cow has continuously increased. In 2017, the average milk yield per cow was 9,159 kilograms, i.e. 281 kilograms more than in 2016.

At the end of the year, there were 284,500 pigs and 86,800 sheep and goats in Estonia. The number of pigs increased by 7% and the number of sheep and goats decreased by 4% compared to the same time in 2016. At the end of the year, there were 2.2 million poultry, which is 3% more than at the end of 2016.

In 2017, the production of eggs amounted to 202.5 million, which is 2% more than in 2016. 106,200 tonnes (live weight) of livestock and poultry were sold for slaughter (incl. exports) and slaughtered in holdings; the production of meat (live weight) decreased by 9% compared to the previous year. The production of beef, pork, mutton and goat meat decreased, while the production of poultrymeat increased.Milk production per cow, 1994–2017

The statistics are based on the data of the register of farm animals of the Agricultural Registers and Information Board (ARIB) and on the data of Estonian Livestock Performance Recording Ltd, which by using models have been converted to the format necessary for producing statistics. In addition, the data of statistical questionnaires “Poultry. Quarter” and “Pigs. Quarter” have been used, the deadline of which was 8 January 2018. Statistics Estonia published the preliminary yearly summary of livestock farming in 12 working days. For the statistical activity “Livestock farming and meat production”, the main representative of public interest is the Ministry of Rural Affairs, commissioned by whom Statistics Estonia collects and analyses the data necessary for conducting this statistical activity.

Source: Statistics Estonia

Good yield slightly compensated for harvesting losses

According to Statistics Estonia, the average yield of cereals was 3,967 tonnes per hectare in 2017. This is a very good result given the weather conditions in the previous year.

The total cereal production in 2017 was 1,311,900 tonnes, of which 713,300 tonnes was wheat, 425,700 tonnes barley and 52,400 tonnes rye. The average yield per hectare was 4,202 kilograms for wheat, 4,154 kilograms for barley and 3,932 kilograms for rye.

In 2017, the sown area of cereals was smaller than the year before. Cereals were grown on a total of 330,700 hectares, which is 5.9% less than in the preceding year. The sown area of wheat was 169,800 hectares, which is 3.2% more than in 2016. The sown area of barley decreased by 24.2% and amounted to 102,500 hectares. The sown area of rye increased by 7.3% compared to the preceding year and was 13,300 hectares.

The production of legumes was 75,300 tonnes, which is 31.2% less than in 2016. The average yield was 1,149 kilograms of legumes per hectare. Legumes were sown on 65,500 hectares, which is 18.2% more than in 2016. This is also the largest sown area of legumes ever.

The production of rape and turnip rape seed was 165,300 tonnes. In 2017, rape and turnip rape were sown on 73,800 hectares. The average yield was 2,240 kilograms of rape and turnip rape seed per hectare.

The production of potatoes was 91 200 tonnes, which is 1.6% more than the year before. The sown area of potatoes was 5,400 hectares in 2017. The average yield of potatoes was 16,925 kilograms per hectare.

The statistics are based on the Estonian Agricultural Registers and Information Board (ARIB) land use data and statistical questionnaire “Crop production”, the deadline of which was 1 November 2017. Statistics Estonia published the yearly summary of the data in 58 working days. For the statistical activity “Crop production”, the main representative of public interest is the Ministry of Rural Affairs, commissioned by whom Statistics Estonia collects and analyses the data necessary for conducting this statistical activity.

Source: Statistics Estonia

17 pct more pesticides than in the previous year

According to Statistics Estonia, 834 tonnes of pesticides (by active substance) were placed on the market in Estonia in 2016, which is 17% more than in the previous year. The quantity of sold pesticides continues to increase.

Compared to 2015, the quantity of pesticides placed on the market was 143 tonnes higher, with the greatest year-on-year increase in the quantity of sold herbicides (up by 132 tonnes). Fungicides was the only group of pesticides where sales decreased. In 2011, the quantity of sold pesticides was 461 tonnes and has since doubled.

There aren’t many importers of pesticides in Estonia, but the number of sellers increases every year. The majority of pesticides can be bought and used without special permission, they are sold in gardening and hardware stores as well as at the market. Besides agriculture, pesticides have been used for a long time also in forestry, wood processing, in maintaining edges of roads and railways, on sports grounds and playgrounds as well as in parks and households.

Pesticides placed on the market are pesticides bought abroad and brought to Estonia for sales. Pesticides are used as weed, plant pest, parasite and insect killers. The characteristics of pesticides (stability, low solubility in water and high solubility in fats) lead to their accumulation in living organisms and food-chains. Depending on the biochemical processes that the pesticides block, their toxicity to human organisms varies (cancerogenic, teratogenic, estrogenic impact, etc.). The use of pesticides can fluctuate yearly depending on climate conditions and variability in plant damages and diseases.

For the statistical activity “Sales of pesticides”, the main representative of public interest is the Ministry of Rural Affairs, commissioned by whom Statistics Estonia collects and analyses the data necessary for conducting this statistical activity.

Source: Statistics Estonia