Census results in statistics map application

Statistics Estonia launched an Internet-based map application, which enables to create thematic maps and perform spatial queries based on the results of the 2011 Population and Housing Census (PHC).

The statistics map application is for all those interested in geo-referenced statistics. The map application enables users to create thematic maps for editing and printing, to download the tables and map data of thematic maps, and to display charts of statistical data regarding different areas in Estonia. Using the ID-card or mobile-ID for authentication will make a number of additional tools available. For example, authenticated users can perform spatial queries about new user areas or units and save thematic maps on their account to be viewed or edited later.

The aim of the statistics map application is to give a better overview of the available geo-referenced statistical data of Statistics Estonia and to promote the use and dissemination of maps and map data. At the moment, the map application mostly contains the data of the PHC, but the geo-referenced statistical data regarding the environment, economy, social life and agricultural census will also be available in the future. The application is both in Estonian and English.

View the statistics map application at http://kaart.stat.ee

Statistics map application screenshot


Source: Statistics Estonia

Estonian population will decrease by 125,000 in 30 years

According to Statistics Estonia’s projection, if the current demographic trends continue, the population of Estonia will decrease by 125,000 in the next roughly 30 years due to negative natural increase and negative net migration. Thus, the projected population of Estonia in 2040 will be 1,195,000.

As at 1 January 2013, the population of Estonia was 1,320,000. If the current demographic trends continue, Estonia’s population will decrease by 4,800 persons per year (0.4%), on average. External migration and natural increase have a more or less similar impact on the population decrease.

The age-sex distribution of the population will change by 2040. The differences in the share of women and men will get smaller – on the one hand, male life expectancy will increase; on the other hand, women will continue to make up a bigger share of emigrants. The main result is that the population will age considerably. The share of persons in retirement age (65 and older) in the population will rise from the current level (18.0%) to 27.6% by 2040. The share of children (aged under 15) will fall from 15.5% to 13.6%. Overall, the dependency ratio (the number of children and retired persons compared to the working-age population) will rise from 50.9% to 70.2% – in other words, there are currently two working-age persons per each dependant, whereas in 2040 there will be three working-age persons per two dependants.

The population projection was made in cooperation with the researchers of the University of Tartu. The projection is based on fertility, mortality and migration models, using the adjusted data for 2012 as input and assuming that the demographic trends of recent years will continue.

The projection was based on the following assumptions: life expectancy will continue to increase until the level of life expectancy currently applicable to persons with higher education, whereas the difference between male and female life expectancy will decrease; there will be a slight upward trend in the number of live-born children per woman; and net migration (i.e. the difference between immigration and emigration) will remain proportionally the same as in the recent years (both registered and unregistered migration is taken into account). These trends will cause changes in absolute figures, since the shares of age groups will change: the smaller generations born in the late 1990s and at the turn of the century are reaching their 20s.

As a result, emigration and fertility indicators will decrease in absolute terms. Also, the main processes that influence population trends in Estonia – birth rates and external migration – are strongly correlated: external migration decreases the number of women in childbearing age.

Population pyramid, 2013 and 2040

Population pyramid, 2013 and 2040


Source: Statistics Estonia

Song and Dance Festival tickets on sale

Around 7,000 tickets to this summer’s 26th Song and 19th Dance Celebration were sold in the first few hours when sales opened on Saturday.

Organizers said in a press release the same day that interest this year has been far greater compared with previous years that the mass folk event has been held, adding that 76 percent of the ticket sales were via Internet. The first festival took place in 1869 and has grown into one of the largest amateur concert events in the world, playing a part in independence movements in the last two centuries.

The twin festival, which is held every five years, will begin on July 4.


Source: Estonian Review / ERR

Population of Estonia is 1,311,870

Statistics Estonia revised the population figures for 2000–2013 based on the data of the 2011 census and various registers. According to the revised data, the estimated population number of Estonia as at 1 January 2014 was 1,311,870 by preliminary estimates.

The population of Estonia as at 1 January 2012 was 1,325,215. This is about 30,000 more than the number of persons enumerated during the 2011 Population and Housing Census (PHC 2011). Already in 2012, upon publishing the census results, Statistics Estonia reported that there was under-coverage in PHC 2011 and that about 2% of the persons subject to enumeration were not enumerated for various reasons. The exact share of non-enumerated persons is also clear now – it was 2.3% of the total population subject to enumeration. According to international views, an under-coverage of 2–3% is a good result.

The census data were also used to adjust the population number as at 1 January 2013. In addition to revised census data, Statistics Estonia revised the number of births and deaths and migration figures based on individuals. After revisions, the natural increase in 2012 was –1,362 and net migration was –3,686. Thus, the population of Estonia as at 1 January 2013 was 1,320,174.

The main reason why the revised net migration differs from the previously published figure (–6,629) is the retroactive registration of migration – a thorough review of the data revealed that, in 2012, there were a number of people who were registered as migrants but who had actually left Estonia before that year.

During the 2000 census, there were also a number of people who were not enumerated. Thus, the population of Estonia in  2000 was bigger than the initial estimate, at 1,401,250. The rate of under-coverage (2.2%) was known, but the population figure was not revised to reflect that, due to the lack of reliable registers back then.

As part of this revision process, Statistics Estonia used a model to estimate the number of persons who left Estonia between the two censuses without registering their emigration. This means that all population figures for the period 2000–2011 were adjusted.

Overall, all the general demographic trends previously established in Estonia still applied after the revisions, but it appeared that the actual population number is slightly higher than initially estimated and the sharp rise in emigration in 2012 was not supported by the revised data. In the future, net migration will probably move towards zero, as the age group of potential emigrants is decreasing. Also, there will be a slight, steady rise in return migration, which currently constitutes about 30% of emigration and the majority of immigration.

In 2013, vital events were as follows:

  • 13,831 births and 15,474 deaths (natural increase –1,643);
  • 4,085 persons immigrated to and 10,746 persons emigrated from Estonia (net migration –6,661).

Read more from Statistics Estonia

Bars to close doors at midnight from February

Kalle Klandorf, Deputy Mayor of Tallinn, has elaborated on the decree of the Tallinn City Government by which two popular Tallinn Old Town Bars – Nimeta Baar and The Shooters – were ordered to shortern their opening hours.

Klandorf said that in an interview with Kuku Radio that the two bars would have to close at midnight on weekdays and 1:00 in the morning on weekend nights starting from February.

Read more from BBN

19 pct of the Estonian population live in relative poverty

According to Statistics Estonia, in 2012, 18.7% of the Estonian population lived in relative poverty and 7.3% in absolute poverty. The overall percentage of people living in relative poverty increased 1.2 percentage points compared to the previous year, but the percentage of people living in absolute poverty decreased 0.8 percentage points.

In 2012, the income of the population increased, at the same time income inequality increased as well. Social transfers (state benefits and pensions) helped to prevent falling into poverty, as had they been included in income, the at-risk-of-poverty rate would have been 39.6% and the absolute poverty rate – 31.3%.

In 2012, a person was considered to be at-risk-of-poverty if his/her monthly equalised disposable income was below 329 euros (299 euros in 2011) and in absolute poverty if his/her monthly equalised disposable income was below 196 euros (186 euros in 2011). In 2012, the difference in income between the poorest and richest fifth of the population was 5.5-fold.

Compared to 2011, it is noticeable that the at-risk-of-poverty rate has primarily increased in the case of elderly people. In 2012, 24% of persons aged 65 and over lived in relative poverty (17% in 2011). 2% of elderly people lived in absolute poverty. At the same time, the poverty of elderly people is not as serious as the poverty of children – in 2012, 18% of children aged under 18 lived in relative poverty and 9,5% in absolute poverty.

The level of education significantly affects the risk of falling into poverty. Among persons with basic or lower education, every third was in the poorest and only every fourteenth in the richest income quintile. At the same time, one-third of people with higher education belonged to the richest fifth. Therefore, the at-risk-of-poverty and absolute poverty rates of persons with higher education (10.9% and 3.3%, respectively) were more than two and a half times smaller than those of persons with basic or lower education (28.1% and 9.3%, respectively). A higher level of education is an important prerequisite for the prevention of poverty.

More detailed information can be found in the statistics blog (only in Estonian).

The estimations are based on the Social Survey, which has been conducted by Statistics Estonia since 2004. In 2013, more than 5,700 households participated in the survey. The survey collects data about the yearly income, which is the reason why the survey of 2013 asks about the income of 2012. The yearly income is necessary for calculating the indicators of poverty and inequality. Social surveys are conducted by statistical organisations in all European Union countries on the basis of a harmonised methodology by the name of EU-SILC. Eurostat publishes the data according to the year of conducting the survey, thus Eurostat’s news release on relative poverty for 2012 published on 05.12.2013 included the indicators of relative poverty in Estonia calculated on the basis of the incomes of 2011.

At-risk-of-poverty rate is the share of persons with yearly disposable income lower than the at-risk-of-poverty threshold, and absolute poverty rate is the share of persons with yearly disposable income lower than the absolute poverty threshold. The at-risk-of-poverty threshold is 60% of the median yearly disposable income of household members, the absolute poverty threshold is the estimated subsistence minimum. Equalised disposable income is the total household income, which is divided by the sum of equivalence scales of all household members.

Source: Statistics Estonia

Map puts Estonia’s population density in perspective

The National Audit Office’s annual report presents a map revealing the reality of Estonia’s scarcely populated countryside.

The red coloring on the map represents areas having no more than four residents per square kilometer. Altogether, the red area is home to 18,404 people, or 1.4 percent of Estonia’s population.

Estonia’s population of 1.3 million is mostly concentrated in a few cities, with the majority of the remaining roughly 45,000 square kilometers in the red, so to say.


Read more from ERR News

“Truth and Justice I” to be published in English

The publisher Haute Culture Press intends to publish the first volume of “Truth and Justice,” the seminal work of writer Anton Hansen Tammsaare (1878-1940) and one of the foundational works in Estonian literature, in English.

A showpiece copy of Volume I, which has been subtitled “Andres and Pearu,” will be presented at the Tammsaare Museum in Tallinn on Thursday, the museum told BNS.

The book’s print version would be a leather bound luxury edition in a gift box complete with a medallion. The print edition would be for subscribers only and the book probably will not go into print if there isn’t a big enough number of subscribers.

The translation into English by Inna Feldbach and Alan Trei has been edited by Jamie Schwartz.

“Truth and Justice,” the first volume of which came out in Estonian in 1926, has never been published in English before.

The publisher’s website says “Truth and Justice: Andres and Pearu” will be available also as an e-book and Haute Culture will publish the complete other volumes of “Truth and Justice” before 2018, to celebrate the 140th anniversary of Tammsaare

Source: Estonian Review / BNS

Finns buying alcohol support Estonian literature

Finns crossing the Gulf of Finland to stock up on booze are helping to fund Estonian literature and cultural activities, as a portion of alcohol taxes in the Baltic country are allocated to culture foundations, reported YLE. Estonia’s small language group, with just over a million native speakers worldwide, manages to support a surprisingly vibrant literature scene. One of the reasons for that is the booming alcohol retailing industry, set up largely to cater for Finnish tourists looking for cheaper beverages than they can find at home.

Read more from BBN

Robbie Williams to test the new promotion campaign for Estonia

Robbie Williams’ concert in Tallinn on 20 August to be filmed and screened across the world, forming a part of the new promotion campaign for Estonia.


British pop group Take That had just released its debut single “Do What U Like” when Estonia restored its independence on 20 August 1991 after decades of Soviet occupation. The youngest member of the band, 17-year-old Robbie Williams, would have been unlikely to know much about Estonia at the time as the British school system didn’t pay much attention to the individual Soviet states. However, fast-forward 22 years and Mr Williams, by now among the most successful UK solo artists of all time, chooses Tallinn as the location for the only filmed performance of his current world tour, called “Take The Crown – Stadium Tour 2013”.

Robbie is the first major international performer to film his concert in Tallinn. How did it come to that? The powers of persuasion on Robbie Williams’ tour management to pick Tallinn were sustained by Estonian concert promoter Peeter Rebane on one hand and Enterprise Estonia (EAS) on the other.

While the promoters got Williams to give his only concert in the region since making his comeback — he won’t be performing in Stockholm or Helsinki, Vilnius or Riga, Moscow or St Petersburg — EAS had been working on a new strategy to promote Estonia for tourists and business people alike.

Martin Hirvoja, a board member of EAS, explains: “For example, instead of spending hundreds of thousands of euros to feature posters of Estonia at the London Underground, our new approach is to promote significant cultural and sporting events that take place in Estonia, as well as make sure that internationally famous Estonians are actually associated with the country.”

“Arvo Pärt is one of the most famous classical composers in the world, yet relatively few people know that he is from Estonia. Similarly, not that many people realise that Skype was developed in Estonia and that the country is one of the most wired-up in the world,“ Hirvoja adds. “With our new strategy we will try to get these messages through more agressively. Launching a joint project together with Robbie Williams is the first event within the new framework.“

Persuading Robbie Williams to film his concert at Tallinn Song Festival Grounds instead of Wembley Arena in London wasn’t obviously an easy task, but according to Peeter Rebane, it all came down to determined negotiating skills and the uniqueness of the place.

“After approaching the Williams’ management with the idea, I had to fly to London twice and once to L.A. Finally we got his tour manager to fly over to Tallinn and check out the Song Festival Grounds. Luckily for us, the sun also shone on that day,” Rebane says. “The tour manager looked around and liked the unique open-air venue on the picturesque seaside, especially after we explained to him the historical significance of the festival grounds, and the fact that the concert would take place on the day Estonia restored its independence. He rang to Robbie on the spot and shared his positive impressions with the star — and Robbie was in. After all, as the previous tour films had all been filmed in megacities, Tallinn as a small city by international standards provided something distinctively different,” Rebane says, sharing some insights.

Getting Robbie on board did come with a cost, of course. Enterprise Estonia will spend €300,000 promoting Estonian tourism through Robbie Williams. But Hirvoja argues that this money would be worth it. “€300,000 would otherwise been our budget to promote Estonia in the UK, for example. What we are getting here is that scenes of Estonia will be featured in the official DVD ‘Robbie Williams Live in Tallinn’, we got marketing space on the pop star’s Facebook page (with four million followers) and Twitter profiles as well as in his newsletters. We are also negotiating with various prominent TV channels and digital formats, such as iTunes, to feature the Tallinn concert. Last, but not least — Robbie’s show in Tallinn will be broadcast live into 700 cinemas around the world, including in Brazil, Hong Kong and Mexico — countries where we as a small country would otherwise not have resources to promote ourselves.”

So the bets are definitely high — EAS calculates that “Robbie Williams – Live In Tallinn” could reach over 30 million people around the world and place the country’s name in more hearts and souls than before.

“I have never been to Estonia and I am excited to film my brilliant show on the day of restoring Estonia’s independence,” said Williams himself via press statement.

Source: Estonianworld.com


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