Women in financial and insurance activities get 2/3 of men’s pay

According to the preliminary data of Statistics Estonia, in October 2018, the gender pay gap was present in all economic activities. The pay gap was biggest in financial and insurance activities (32.2%) and smallest in transportation and storage (1.9%).

In October 2018, the gross hourly earnings of female employees were 18.7% lower than the gross hourly earnings of male employees. The gender pay gap decreased by 2.2 percentage points compared to the same period in 2017.

The gender pay gap decreased the most in professional, scientific and technical activities – by 6.3 percentage points. The gender pay gap increased in many activities. The biggest increase took place in other service activities (incl activities of membership organisations, repair of household goods, beauty treatment).

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The gender pay gap is calculated as the difference between the average gross hourly earnings of male and female employees, divided by the average gross hourly earnings of male employees, and is expressed as a percentage. The average gross earnings, as used in the calculation of the gender pay gap, do not include irregular bonuses and premiums.

Read more here: Statistics Estonia

Exports 1.15 and imports to 1.25 bEUR in August

According to Statistics Estonia, in August 2019, compared to August 2018, the exports of goods decreased by 3% and imports by 7%. The trade decrease was mainly due to declined exports and imports of mineral products (shale oil, motor spirit, fuel additives and electricity).

In August, Estonia’s exports amounted to 1.15 billion euros and imports to 1.25 billion euros at current prices. The trade deficit was 99 million euros, which is 63 million euros less than in August 2018.

The top destination countries of Estonia’s exports were Finland (17% of total exports), Sweden (11%) and Latvia (9%). The biggest decrease occurred in exports to Latvia (down 26 million euros) and the Netherlands (down by 12 million euros), while exports to Canada increased the most. Mineral products were exported less to Latvia and the Netherlands, but more to Canada.

The biggest exports were electrical equipment (15% of Estonia’s total exports) and mineral products (11%). The greatest impact on the decline in exports came from mineral products (down by 56 million euros). Exports increased the most for agricultural products and food preparations (up by 16 million euros) and base metals and articles of base metal (up by 12 million euros).

Goods of Estonian origin accounted for 71% of the total exports of goods. Their exports decreased by 3% and re-exports by 2% compared to August 2018. The biggest decrease was in the exports of mineral products, and wood and articles of wood, while the biggest increase occurred for agricultural products and food preparations (barley, rapeseed).

In August, the main countries of consignment were Finland (14% of total imports), Lithuania (11%) and Germany (10%). Imports decreased the most from Russia (down by 50 million euros) and Belarus (down by 20 million euros), due to a decrease in the imports of mineral products. Imports increased the most from Finland (up by 9 million euros) mainly on account of mineral products (electricity).

The main commodities imported to Estonia were electrical equipment (14% of total imports) and mineral products (both 11%). The biggest decrease was in the imports of mineral products (down by 81 million euros) and mechanical appliances (down by 13 million euros). Imports of paper and articles thereof increased the most (up by 4 million euros).

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Half a million hotel stays in August

According to Statistics Estonia, in August, 9% more tourists stayed in accommodation establishments than in August 2018. The number of nights spent by tourists increased by 7%. 286,000 of the visitors of accommodation establishments were foreign tourists and 202,000 were domestic tourists.

In August, foreign tourists who used services of accommodation establishments spent 541,000 nights in Estonia. 29% of the accommodated foreign tourists came from Finland, 11% from Germany, 9% from Russia and 8% from Latvia. The number of tourists from Finland, which had decreased in previous months, increased for the second consecutive month (4%). The tourists came mostly from European countries, as well as from the USA and Asia. Of the accommodated foreign tourists, 78% came to Estonia for a holiday, 17% were on a business trip and the rest had some other reason for visiting. 65% of foreign tourists preferred an accommodation in Harju county, 11% stayed in accommodation establishments in Pärnu county and 8% in Tartu county.

The number of domestic tourists in accommodation establishments increased 9% compared to August 2018. They spent a total of 345,000 nights in accommodation establishments, which is a 7% increase compared to the previous year. Most the domestic tourists were on a holiday trip (69%) and some were on a business trip (17%). About a fifth of the accommodated domestic tourists stayed in Harju county, 15% in Pärnu county and 11% in Ida-Viru county and 9% in Tartu county.

In August, 1,394 accommodation establishments served tourists, offering 24,000 rooms and 58,000 bed places. 59% of the rooms and 49% of the bed places were occupied. The average cost of a guest night was 39 euros, i.e one euro less than in August last year. The average cost of a guest night in Harju county was 48 euros, in Pärnu county and Tartu counties 37 euros and in Ida-Viru county 32 euros.

Read more from Statistics Estonia