Domestic tourists were a third of customers at hotels in May

According to Statistics Estonia, 297,000 domestic and foreign tourists stayed in Estonian accommodation establishments in May 2017, which is 6% more than in May 2016.

197,000 foreign tourists and 100,000 domestic tourists used the services of accommodation establishments; their numbers increased 3% and 13%, respectively, compared to May of the previous year. 59% of the foreign tourists who used accommodation services came from the neighbouring countries – 84,000 tourists came from Finland, 20,000 from Russia and 13,000 from Latvia. Compared to May 2016, the number of tourists from neighbouring countries increased 3%. The number of Finnish tourists in accommodation establishments fell 4% but the number of Russian and Latvian tourists increased 23% and 36%, respectively, compared to the same month of the previous year. Compared to May 2016, there was also an increase in the number of tourists arriving from Lithuania, the United Kingdom and the United States, while fewer tourists arrived from Sweden, Germany and Norway. 136,000 foreign tourists, or 69% of the foreign tourists who used accommodation services stayed in the accommodation establishments of Tallinn. The second most popular destination was Pärnu city, accounting for 9% of all accommodated foreign tourists, followed by Tartu city, which accounted for 7% of the accommodated foreign tourists. Ida-Viru county and Saare county both accounted for 3% of the foreign tourists who used accommodation services. 71% of the foreign tourists were on a holiday and 22% on a business trip.

One-third of the customers of accommodation establishments were domestic tourists. 59% of them were on a holiday and 30% on a business trip. 29% of the domestic tourists stayed in the accommodation establishments of Harju county, 12% in Pärnu county, 14% in Tartu county and 9% in Ida-Viru county.

In May, 1,130 accommodation establishments offered services for tourists. 21,000 rooms and 49,000 beds were available for tourists. Compared to May of the previous year, there were 22 additional accommodation establishments with more than 1,000 rooms and 3,000 beds. 46% of the rooms and 36% of the beds were occupied. The average cost of a guest night was 40 euros, i.e. two euros more than in the same month of the previous year. The average cost of a guest night was 49 euros in Harju county, 33 euros in Tartu county, 32 euros in Pärnu county and 30 euros in Ida-Viru county.

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Cigarettes 14.6 pct more expensive than in 2016

According to Statistics Estonia, the change of the consumer price index in June 2017 was -0.1% compared to May 2017 and 2.9% compared to June of the previous year.

Compared to June 2016, goods were 3.2% and services 2.4% more expensive. Regulated prices of goods and services have risen by 3.6% and non-regulated prices by 2.7% compared to June of the previous year.

Compared to June 2016, the consumer price index was affected the most by the 6.6% more expensive food and non-alcoholic beverages, which contributed more than a half of the total growth of the index. Milk, dairy products and eggs were 10.1%, fruit 16.8% and sugar and confectionery 7.3% more expensive than a year earlier. Motor fuel contributed nearly a sixth of the total growth of the index. Compared to June 2016, petrol was 8.5% and diesel fuel 8.4% more expensive. A greater impact on the index was made also by the 14.6% more expensive tobacco products.

In June, compared to May, the consumer price index was affected the most by the seasonal sales of clothing and footwear that started in June and June discounts on alcoholic beverages. A greater impact on the change of the index was made also by the 8.1% more expensive fresh fruit and berries. In June, petrol was 0.5% and diesel fuel 1.1% less expensive than in May.

Change of the consumer price index by commodity groups, June 2017
Commodity group June 2016 – June 2017, % May 2017 – June 2017, %
TOTAL 2.9 -0.1
Food and non-alcoholic beverages 6.6 0.5
Alcoholic beverages and tobacco 4.6 -2.5
Clothing and footwear 0.4 -3.6
Housing 1.2 0.4
Household goods 0.7 0.0
Health 1.0 0.0
Transport 3.1 0.5
Communications -4.7 -0.5
Recreation and culture 0.3 0.2
Education 4.5 0.0
Hotels, cafés and restaurants 6.8 2.5
Miscellaneous goods and services 3.3 -0.4

Statistics Estonia publishes the consumer price index on the 5th working day of each month, after the end of the reporting period. For the statistical activity “Consumer price index”, the main representative of public interest is the Ministry of Finance, commissioned by whom Statistics Estonia collects and analyses the data necessary for conducting the statistical activity.

Source: Statistics Estonia

In May, trade intensified due to exports and imports of mineral products

According to Statistics Estonia, in May 2017, the exports of goods increased by 15% and imports by 14% compared to May 2016. Trade growth was influenced the most by a significant increase in the exports and imports of mineral products.

In May 2017, exports from Estonia amounted to 1.2 billion euros and imports to Estonia to 1.3 billion euros at current prices. The trade deficit was 153 million euros (in May 2016, it was 147 million euros).

The top destination countries of Estonia’s exports in May were Finland (16% of Estonia’s total exports), Sweden (14%) and Latvia (9%). The biggest increase occurred in exports to Russia (up by 28 million euros), Canada (up by 23 million euros), Saudi Arabia (up by 20 million euros) and Germany (up by 20 million euros). Exports to Russia and Canada grew mainly due to re-exports but to Saudi Arabia and Germany due to increased exports of goods of Estonia origin. In exports to Russia, the exports of mechanical appliances (incl. excavators, wood and ores processing machines), to Canada, the exports of mineral products (incl. motor spirit), to Saudi Arabia, the exports of mineral products (incl. shale oil) and agricultural products (incl. feed barley) and to Germany, the exports of electrical equipment (incl. communication equipment) increased. The biggest decrease occurred in exports to Sweden (down by 39 million euros), where less electrical equipment was exported.

The biggest share in exports was held by electrical equipment, followed by wood and articles of wood, and mineral products. The greatest increase was in the exports of mineral products (up by 53 million euros), agricultural products and food preparations (up by 28 million euros), mechanical appliances (up by 28 million euros), and wood and articles of wood (up by 24 million euros). At the same time, the exports of electrical equipment decreased (down by 43 million euros).

The share of goods of Estonian origin in total exports was 72% in May. In May 2017, the exports of goods of Estonian origin increased 12% and re-exports 25%. The rise in the exports of goods of Estonian origin was affected the most by an increase in the exports of mineral products (incl. shale oil, electricity), wood and articles of wood (incl. coniferous saw-timber, wood pellets), agricultural products and food preparations (incl. cereals) and miscellaneous manufactured articles (incl. furniture and log houses).

The main countries of consignment in May 2017 were Finland (12% of Estonia’s total imports), Germany (11%), Lithuania (9%) and Sweden (9%). The biggest increase occurred in imports from Russia (up by 41 million euros) and Sweden (up by 17 million euros). Mostly mineral products (incl. motor spirit, fuel oil) were imported from Russia and transport equipment and mineral products (incl. bitumen) from Sweden. Imports from Hungary decreased the most, with less electrical equipment imported.

The main commodities imported to Estonia were electrical equipment, mineral products, transport equipment, agricultural products and food preparations, and mechanical appliances. The biggest increase was in the imports of mineral products and base metals and articles of base metals, and the biggest fall occurred in the imports of electrical equipment.

In May 2017, the foreign trade export volume index increased by 1% and the import volume index by 11% compared to the same period of the previous year.Estonia’s foreign trade by month, 2015–2017

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