In 2015, the number of passengers carried by Estonian transport enterprises amounted to 211.6 million. 92.4% of these passengers were carried by road, 4.1% by sea, 3.1% by rail and 0.3% by air. In 2015, the passenger traffic volume of road transport enterprises was 6 billion passenger-kilometres.
The amount of passengers that used road transport remained the same as in 2014. There were 195.6 million passengers in total and 86% of them, i.e. about 167.5 million passengers, used urban transport (i.e. buses, trams and trolleybuses). The number of passengers using county lines was about 16.5 million (3% less compared to 2014). National non-scheduled transport was used by 4.4 million passengers (down by 12%). The number of passengers was 4.1 million on domestic highway lines (down by 8%) and 1.3 million passengers on international lines (up by 60%). In 2015, the passenger traffic volume was 3.2 billion passenger-kilometres. The passenger traffic volume of road transport enterprises increased in domestic traffic and in international traffic, respectively by 16% and by 56%.
In 2015, Estonian sea transport enterprises carried 8.7 million passengers, which is as much as in 2014. The number of passengers carried was 2.3 million in domestic sea traffic and 6.4 million in international sea traffic. The passenger traffic volume of sea transport enterprises decreased by 8% and was nearly 1.1 billion passenger-kilometres in 2015. International sea traffic amounted to 98% of passenger traffic volume.
Last year 6.6 million passengers were carried by rail, which is 12% more than in 2014. 6.5 million passengers were carried in domestic rail traffic (up by 13%) and 55,100 passengers were carried in international rail traffic (down by 43% compared to 2014).The passenger traffic volume of rail transport enterprises increased by 4% and was 292.1 million passenger-kilometres.
In 2015, Estonian air transport enterprises carried 669,600 passengers. This is 13% less than in 2014. 19,400 passengers were carried in domestic air traffic (up by 9%) and 650,200 passengers were carried in international air traffic (down by 14%). The passenger traffic volume of air transport enterprises increased by 2% and was 1.5 billion passenger-kilometres in 2015.
In 2015, 65.7 million tonnes of goods were carried by Estonian transport enterprises, of which nearly 55% was carried by road, 43% by rail and 2% by sea.
Freight turnover of Estonian transport enterprises totalled 11.4 billion tonne-kilometres in 2015.
Road transport companies carried nearly 36.3 million tonnes of goods in 2015, which is 3% less than in 2014. 26.2 million tonnes of goods were transported in domestic road traffic and 10.1 million tonnes in international traffic. Freight turnover increased by 15% compared to 2014 and totalled 7.9 billion tonne-kilometres.
In 2015, the amount of goods carried by rail was 23% smaller than the year before, amounting to 28 million tonnes. 15 million tonnes of goods were transported in domestic rail traffic (down by 25%) and 13 million tonnes in international traffic (down by 20%). Compared to 2014, freight turnover decreased by 4% and amounted to 3.1 billion tonne-kilometres.
Estonian sea transport enterprises carried 1.4 million tonnes of goods in 2015, which is 11% less than in 2014. Compared to 2014, the freight turnover in sea transport decreased by a fifth and amounted to 331 million tonne-kilometres.
Estonian air transport enterprises carried 4,400 tonnes of cargo and the freight turnover was 2.2 million tonne-kilometres in 2015. Compared to 2014, there was 52% more cargo transported and freight turnover increased by 27%. Among the cargo transported by air, the carriage of postal shipments increased, but carriage of goods decreased.
Carriage of passengers and goods by transport enterprises, 2015
||Passenger traffic volume, billion pkm
||Freight, million tonnes
||Freight turnover, billion tkm
– magnitude nil
The data of Estonian transport enterprises are collected and published according to the enterprise’s principal activity. The enterprise’s principal activity is determined based on the Estonian Classification of Economic Activities (EMTAK (NACE)): land transport (rail and road), water transport and air transport.
Road transport of passenger includes bus, trolley bus and tram transport. Urban transport include passenger transport traffic of buses, trams and trolley buses.
Passenger traffic volume is the volume of work done in the transport of passengers. It is measured in passenger-kilometres (pkm). One passenger-kilometre is the transport of one person across a distance of one kilometre.
Freight turnover is the volume of work done in the transport of goods. It is measured in tonne-kilometres (tkm). One tonne-kilometre is the transport of one tonne of goods across a distance of one kilometre.