10 pct more people use urban transport

According to Statistics Estonia, in 2013, the number of passengers served by Estonian transport enterprises and passenger turnover increased 8% and 2%, respectively. Freight volume increased 1% in tonnes, but fell 10% in tonne-kilometres.

In 2013, the number of passengers carried by Estonian transport enterprises by road, rail, sea and air transport amounted to 216 million. About 175.8 million of these passengers used urban transport (i.e. buses, trams and trolleybuses), which is a tenth more than in 2012. The number of passengers in other traffic amounted to 40.3 million, which is 5% less than the year earlier.

The number of passengers in domestic traffic (excl. urban transport) was 31.5 million and the average journey distance was 46 kilometres. The number of passengers in international traffic was 8.8 million, or approximately as much as in 2012, and the average journey distance was 341 kilometres.

The passenger traffic volume of transport enterprises was 5.2 billion passenger-kilometres. Domestic traffic amounted to 2.2 billion passenger-kilometres, remaining at the same level as in the previous year. International passenger traffic volume was 3 billion passenger-kilometres, which means a 3% growth compared to 2012.

In 2013, 78.7 million tonnes of goods were carried by Estonian transport enterprises. Most of these goods were carried by rail and road. 44.4 million tonnes of goods were transported in domestic traffic and 34.3 million tonnes in international traffic.

The freight turnover of transport enterprises decreased by a tenth compared to 2012, to 12.4 billion tonne-kilometres. Freight turnover decreased similarly in road, rail and sea transport.

The freight turnover was 2.1 billion tonne-kilometres in domestic transport and 10.3 billion tonne-kilometres in international transport. Compared to 2012, freight turnover increased by 7% in domestic transport and decreased by 13% in international transport. Thus, in 2013 international freight routes were shorter.

In 2013, the turnover of transport enterprises was 2 billion euros, which is 5% more than in 2012. Transportation services were sold for 1.9 billion euros. Transport enterprises received more than a half of the turnover (1.1 billion euros) from the carriage of goods and a fifth (424 million euros) from the carriage of passengers. Compared to 2012, the turnover from carriage of passengers fell by 3%, but the turnover from carriage of goods increased by 10%. In 2013, the subsidies for passenger transport totalled 120 million euros, which is a fifth more than the year earlier.

Carriage of passengers and goods by transport enterprises, 2013
Total Road
transport
..urban
transport
Rail
transport
Sea
transport
Air
transport
Passengers, millions 216.0 202.3 175.8 4.2 8.8 0.8
..international traffic 8.8 1.3 0.1 6.6 0.7
Passenger traffic volume, billion pkm 5.2 2.6 0.8 0.2 1.3 1.1
..international traffic 3.0 0.6 0.0 1.2 1.1
Freight, million tonnes 78.7 33.1 43.7 1.9 0.0
..international traffic 34.3 11.2 21.2 1.9 0.0
Freight turnover, billion tkm 12.4 6.5 4.7 1.2 0.0
..international traffic 10.3 5.1 4.0 1.2 0.0

– magnitude nil

Passenger traffic volume is the volume of work done in the transport of passengers. It is measured in passenger-kilometres (pkm). One passenger-kilometre is the transport of one person across a distance of one kilometre.

Freight turnover is the volume of work done in the transport of goods. It is measured in tonne-kilometres (tkm). One tonne-kilometre is the transport of one tonne of goods across a distance of one kilometre.

Source: Statistics Estonia

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