Education has an impact on the health behaviour

According to the data of the 2011 Population and Housing Census (PHC 2011), 388,077 persons or 30% of Estonian residents suffered from some long-term illness or health problem. People with higher education suffer from long-term illnesses on average two times less than persons with basic or lower education.

difference lies in  coping with everyday life, where 15% of rural and nearly 13% of urban  population had serious limitations due to health problems.

Men experience  long-term illnesses slightly more until 30 years of age, women after 50 years  of age. Since the age of 30, men living in rural areas have more long-term  illnesses than those at the same age in urban areas. In case of children and  young people, morbidity in long-term illnesses is relatively bigger until the  age of 10, thereafter morbidity decreases significantly.

As according to the  average age of the population Russians and representatives of other ethnic  nationalities are older than Estonians, their morbidity is also higher than  average. About 29% of Estonians, 32% of Russians and even 38% of  representatives of other nationalities have health problems.

Education has an essential impact on people’s health; the risk for  long-term illnesses is extremely big for persons with basic education or lower.  Persons aged 20–50 with higher education have on average twice less long-term  illnesses than persons with basic or lower education of the same age.

Morbidity risk dependent on education is higher for men than for women,  whereas the age plays no role as there are more elderly people among women than  among men. Education has bigger impact on people’s health behaviour in rural  areas than in urban areas. In urban areas the morbidity of persons with basic  education is 24% and in rural areas 44% bigger than the respective indicator of  persons with higher education.

The healthiest people  live in the counties with the youngest population – Harju and Rapla counties where  less than a quarter of persons have long-term illnesses, but these counties have  the least health problems restricting everyday activities. Most long-term  illnesses can be found in counties near Lake Peipus – Põlva, Jõgeva and  Ida-Viru counties (respectively 43%, 40% and 38% of county’s population). In  these counties, but also in Võru and Valga counties health problems restrict  people’s everyday activities the most; more than a fifth of the population feel  very much restricted, whereas there are limitations of everyday activities due  to health problems more than the average of Estonia in all social groups, incl.  children and students.

Long-term illness or health problem – an illness or a health problem which had lasted  for at least six months. This also includes  health problems from which a person had suffered for a long time, but which had  not been diagnosed by a doctor. In addition, long-term health problems include recurrent health problems, including  conditions which were controlled or relieved by regular administration of  medication or other treatments.

Limitations of everyday activities due to health  problems – limitations due to health problems which had lasted or  were expected to last for at  least six months. ‘Everyday  activities’ refers to working, studying, housekeeping, personal grooming,  communicating with other people, recreational activities, etc. Everyday  activities were considered very much restricted  if the person required daily assistance, and were considered to some extent restricted if the person required  assistance with some activities, but not on a daily basis.

Source: Statistics Estonia blog

Sweden’s Askembla sells Bauhof, MyFitness chains to Estonians

Stockholm-based Private Equity Fund Askembla Growth Fund has sold all shares in DIY chain Bauhof Group and My Fitness to an Estonian investment firm MyInvest Estonia.

MyInvest Estonia is founded by present and former executives of Bauhof and MyFitness.

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New logistics terminal at Sillamäe Port to be completed by year-end

A new container and general goods terminal at the port of Sillamäe on Estonia’s northern coast will be finished by the end of the year, marketing manager of the port company Sillamäe Sadam Andrei Birov said.

The new terminal is built with the vision that in about 5 to 10 years it will be able to handle a million twenty-foot equivalent units (TEU) of containers. Goods flows in the first year of operation are projected at 30 000 to 50 000 TEU.

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Tallink’s large shareholders may earn 200 mEUR in dividends

Three Estonian businessmen Enn Pant, Kalev Järvelill and Ain Hanschmidt who are large shareholders in Tallink ferry group through their jointly owned company Linandell  Ltd can take out 200 million euros in dividends, shows the company’s annual report.

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Estonian Air completes financial u-turn

After aggressive cuts in staff, aircraft fleet, flight routes and subsidiaries, the Estonian Air crisis has been turned around, executives said yesterday as Q2 results were released. Still, the company’s future is yet to be determined by a European Commission decision.


The national carrier was profitable for the first month in years in June, and second quarter losses, still nearly 1 million euros, were down by 80 percent from the first quarter, ETV reported.

“The other is that we fill our aircraft a little bit better and we have also got a little bit higher revenue per passenger,“ said CEO Jan Palmer, noting a 20 percent increase in sales.

Now that many of the toughest decisions are behind it, Estonian Air says it does not plan to make any more vast changes, such as to ticket prices and destinations, in the near future.

“We have also sold the Estonian Air Regional company. So that’s all gone. But we still have part ownership in a company called Amadeus Estonia and also in the fuel company here at [Tallinn] airport. So we are trying to negotiate about trying to sell these because we don’t need it,“ Palmer said.

Despite the turnaround from former boss Tero Taskila’s grand plan to turn Tallinn into a regional hub, as opposed to more modest aspirations now, the company is actively seeking additional business opportunities, according to supervisory board member Erki Urva.

“We are holding negotiations with very many carriers. At the moment the company has a few aircraft to spare that are not needed for Estonian Air to carry out its flights. One is being used in Lithuania and another is used for charter flights” said Urva.

But the company is not out of the woods yet. After massive financial injections and loans, the Estonian government, in June, submitted a restructuring plan to the European Commission, which may or may not endorse financial aid that has been given.

European Transport Commissioner Siim Kallas said Thursday that there is “still hope“ the commission’s decision will not shut down the company. “I would say there is hope that there will be solutions that will allow air traffic to continue and a recovery from the situation will be made,“ Kallas said.

Source: Estonian Review

Estonian government suggests northeastern towns use EU support to revitalize problem areas

The Estonian Interior Ministry has sent to the government of East-Viru County recommendations on using European Union structural funds of the 2014-2020 period, suggesting regeneration of problem areas of the region’s major towns as one possibility, the daily Eesti Paevaleht says.

The measure called “physical, economic and social revitalization of problem areas” has not been used in Estonia before because elsewhere in Europe it is aimed at regenerating urban areas that have turned into slums. In Estonia such areas can be found in East-Viru County and for that reason the measure was suggested to the local authorities, adviser at the ministry’s regional policy bureau Madis Kaldmae told the paper.

The measure makes it possible to develop social services or infrastructure in a part of a town to keep it fit for living, Kaldmae said. In other parts of Europe the measure has been used to revitalize city centers from which people tend to move out, Eesti Paevaleht says.

Although slumization has decreased over years the county government is paying heightened attention to several urban areas that are losing inhabitants and because of that remain outside the general development of the region, PR adviser at county government Veiko Taluste said, naming the Sompa, Kukruse and Viivikonna districts of Kohtla-Jarve as such areas.

The county government will consider the ministry’s recommendation on Monday.

The City of Narva has already forwarded its position to the ministry, saying that such a priority — revitalizing concrete urban areas — does not suit it and that the emphasis should rather be on developing a regional visitor center and tourism, and public support infrastructure for enterprise.

The mayor of Kohtla-Jarve, Jevgeni Solovjov, said the city has not yet received the ministry’s recommendations so he is not in a position to comment. However, instead of regeneration many vacant and dilapidated houses should simply be pulled down, he added.

In his words, several city districts have become depopulated because jobs have disappeared and people are hardly likely to move back there if there are no new jobs.

It is up to individual cities to decide whether to make use of the measure for which 10 million euros has initially been designated.

Source: BNS via Estonian Review

Ülemiste mall in Tallinn borrows EUR 84m for expansion

The Ülemiste Center has concluded with SEB Bank a 5 year loan facility agreement amounting to 84,5 million euros.

One-third of the loan sum amount is designated to finance the Ülemiste Center expansion while two-thirds will be used to refinance current loan. The total amount invested into the centre’s expansion is about 40 million euros.

Ülemiste Center (opened in 2004) is a family shopping centre accommodating over 150 stores and service providers. The owner and developer of the Ülemiste Center is Linstow AS (Norway), a company managing and developing commercial properties in the Baltic countries (incl. five shopping centres in Latvia), Norway, Portugal, Sweden and Russia. In Estonia, the company owns in addition to the Ülemiste Center also Radisson Blu Hotell Olümpia and Park Inn Central Tallinn. Linstow is owned by the private investment company Awilhelmsen AS.

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A report about the shadow economy; households with business income

This paper estimates the extent of income underreporting by households with business income relative to households of wage earners in Estonia. The paper uses a modified version of the methodology pioneered by Pissarides and Weber (1989). The extent of income underreporting is estimated by comparing food Engel curves for households with and without business income. The baseline result is that the reported income of households with business income above 20% of total income must be multiplied by 2.6 in order to attain the same propensity of food consumption as households of wage earners. Households with business income above 0 but below 20% also underreport income, but to a lesser extent. The estimates are higher than those found for developed countries, but consistent with other studies of the shadow economy in transition countries. The analysis also shows that the presence of business income is a better indicator of income underreporting than a reported status of self-employment.

Read more from :

“6/2013 Merike Kukk, Karsten Staehr. Income Underreporting by Households with Business Income. Evidence from Estonia

Working Papers of Eesti Pank No. 6/2013

Estonia and Germany only eurozone members to cut government debt

Germany and Estonia were the only two Eurozone members who managed to decrease public sector debt in the first quarter of 2013.

According to figures from Eurostat, EU’s statistics office, German government debt is down from 81.9 percent of GDP at the end of last year, to 81.2 percent at the end of March.

Estonia’s debt is the lowest of any of the monetary union’s members, standing at 10.0 percent, down from 10.1 percent.

Ireland (debt up 7.7 percentage points), Belgium (+4.7) and Spain (+4.0) had the highest increases, while outside the zone, Latvia was the leader in the EU, cutting government debt by 1.5 percent in the first three months of this year.

In euros, public debt in the 17 Eurozone nations is 8.75 billion, or 92.2 percent of GDP.

Source: Estonian Review / BNS

Market is saturated, but retailers keep expanding in Estonia

Estonia has already one of the highest retail space per capita figure in Europe, but retailers continue to open more stores, writes Äripäev.

According to statistics, Estonia has 1.3 square metres of retail trade space per resident which is roughly similar to Germany’s level of 1.4 sqm.

In revenue share, market leader in grocery chains is ETK with 24.7%, followed by Rimi (21.1%), Maxima (19.8%), Selver (19.4%), Prisma (10.4%) and Grossi Toidukaubad (4.2%).

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