Estonia dependent on Russian gas

A study made in the Ministry of Economic Affairs shows that if Gazprom were to stop supplying gas to Estonia, the country would have a gas supply for only five days, writes Eesti Päevaleht.

Read more from BBN

One Estlink cable out of commission

Estlink 2, the larger of the two undersea cables connecting the Estonian and Finnish power systems, went down early on Friday morning. Experts hope to find out why this week.

Elering, the Estonian TSO, announced that preliminary analysis showed that a short-circuit had occurred.

Representatives of Nexans, the cable company, will arrive in Estonia on Wednesday to troubleshoot.

Estlink 1 is still up and running and can carry 342 MW to Estonia and 358 MW to Finland.

Source: ERR News

Tallinn street lights on off- mode

Back in the downturn of last decade, the city of Tallinn started turning off streetlights to save money. Five years later, 25 percent of the city remains dark at night.

Seven thousand of the city’s 55,000 streetlights remain off at all times. And another 7,000 lights in parks, parking garages and less frequented areas are off by midnight, ERR radio reported.

The Kadriorg district, which encompasses largely more gentrified neighborhoods, is cited as a particular problem.

“Kadriorg is completely dark,” said a resident, who identified himself by his first name, Sten.

Another resident, Svea, said she didn’t find lighting lacking city-wide, but added: “But when I think about it as a Kadriorg resident, when you take a walk at night, the lights could be on longer.”

An official with the city’s utilities department, Tarmo Sulg, said he couldn’t promise when the lights would be switched back on, but said the will existed.

“The 2015 budget is being drafted and it’s early to say what will be switched back on and what will not.”

The City of Tallinn said it saves about 1 million euros a year in electricty by using the current mode. The city of Pärnu switched back to normal mode only one year ago, while Tartu never cut back on lights.

Internationally, research has been divided on whether less light translates automatically into more crime.

Source: ERR News

June prices were influenced by cheap electricity

According to Statistics Estonia, the change of the consumer price index in June 2014 was 0.0% compared to May 2014 and –0.4% compared to June of the previous year.

Goods were 0.3% more expensive compared to June 2013 and services were 1.5% cheaper.

Regulated prices of goods and services have risen by 0.7% and non-regulated prices have fallen by 0.7% compared to June of the previous year.

Compared to June 2013, the consumer price index was influenced the most by electricity. In June 2014, the electricity that arrived at homes was 13% cheaper than in June last year, when the price of electricity was record-high. Compared to June of the previous year, 4.1% more expensive alcoholic beverages, 6% more expensive tobacco, 13% cheaper mobile communication services and 7% more expensive dairy products also had a bigger impact on the index. Motor fuel was 0.8% more expensive than in the same month last year. Compared to June 2013, of food products, the prices of processed fruit have increased the most (11%) and the prices of sugar and apples have decreased the most (31% and 23%, respectively).

The last time that the annual change of the consumer price index was below –0.4% was in the period of June 2009 to January 2010, when it ranged from –0.7% to –2.2%.

In June compared to May, the consumer price index was mainly influenced by 1.3% more expensive motor fuel, 10.8% more expensive accommodation services and 0.3% cheaper food (mainly due to the 4% cheaper fresh vegetables). Compared to May, the prices of sweet pepper increased the most (20%) and the prices of Chinese cabbage and tomatoes decreased the most (27% and 26%, respectively).

Change of the consumer price index by commodity groups, June 2014
Commodity group June 2013 –
June 2014, %
May 2014 –
June 2014, %
TOTAL -0.4 0.0
Food and non-alcoholic beverages -0.3 -0.2
Alcoholic beverages and tobacco 4.6 -0.6
Clothing and footwear 1.1 -0.4
Housing -3.4 0.4
Household goods 0.3 -0.4
Health 3.1 0.2
Transport -1.2 0.3
Communications -5.7 -0.5
Recreation and culture 1.8 -0.1
Education -14.3 0.5
Hotels, cafés and restaurants 4.9 2.2
Miscellaneous goods and services 1.8 -0.2

Source: Statistics Estonia

The stealthy privatization of Eesti Energia

Last spring, when Minister of Finance Jürgen Ligi allocated Eesti Energia under the his governance (beforehand it was the subject of the Ministry of Economic Affairs), he pointed out that the issue of privatization concerning Eesti Energia is in a dire need of investigation and needs to be handled step-by-step.

As it happens to appear, Eesti Energia has been privatized “step-by-step”, writes Harry Tuul of the business daily Äripäev. Sandor Liive, the head of Eesti Energia has in the time span of five years sold partnerships of five firms, the majority to private enterprises. The most recent transaction saw the birth of Võrguehitus, which is company to focusing on the building of electrical and communication networks. The contract was signed with Leonhard Weiss, of German origin, and amounted to 7 million euros.

In addition to this, in 2012 Televõrgu stocks were sold to Tele2 and Kohtla-Järve Soojus, and the majority of shares were sold to the Viru Keemia Grupp. Two transactions have been also sealed with the state. In 2010 Elering was sold and last year when the associate company Estlink’s assets were sold to Elering and Fingrid.

From a business standpoint, these deals are reasonably well considered and a sensible arrangement, where Eesti Energia focuses on its main objectives and delegates the less important and profitable projects to other companies. Due to the fact that Eesti Energia is a public company, every transaction will be carefully investigated – just like listed companies for which investors and the public show a heightened interest. Although contrary to publicly listed companies, the state owned Eesti Energia presents its partial privatization to its investors as fact in hindsight. Justification as well as the effects to the company value is secondary.

The most efficient cure for this kind of behavior is to base one’s actions on the stock exchange rule. The plan to take Eesti Energia to the stock exchange, which was on its homestretch during 2010-11, was shot down by former Prime Minister Andrus Ansip. In vain, Tuul writes.

Source: ERR News

Plan for Estonian, Finnish LNG gas terminals hits bump

Estonia and Finland have suffered a minor setback in their plans for proposed paired liquified gas terminals in both nations, linked by a pipeline.

Officials from both countries said that the European Commission raised some flags after companies involved in the project and its promoters presented their plan for the terminal project to a member of the European Commission in Tallinn on Wednesday. But neither country said they were ready to abandon the paired model.

“The plan is not sufficient yet,” Timo Tatar, director for energy projects at the Ministry of Economic Affairs and Communications, told ERR News.

“The companies involved in the project need to work further to create more synergies between them,” he said, referring to the structure of the ownership and the operation of the terminals.

“The companies are now negotiating between them to find those synergies, and then they will submit an amended proposal for the terminal project.”

A thumbs-up for the project is needed by the Commission for the plan, which would increase the energy diversification of the two nations, as it will rely heavily on EU subsidies. The estimates for the cost of the project is in the hundreds of millions of euros, perhaps around 1 billion after the cost of the pipeline is added in.

Read more from ERR News

Electricity production increased last year

According to Statistics Estonia, in 2013 the production of electricity totalled 13 TWh which is nearly 11% more than previous year. The electricity production from renewable sources decreased more than 10% compared 2012.

The growth in electricity generation was caused by exports, which increased nearly 27% compared to 2012. Exports to Latvia accounted for over 90% of total exports and increased more than one-fourth compared to 2012. At the same time, due to an unusually warm winter period, the inland consumption of electricity decreased 1%.

While in 2009–2012 there was an increase in the share of electricity produced from biomass in the total production of renewable electricity, then in 2013 there was a sharp decrease in the consumption of wood fuel for electricity generation, which, in turn, caused a fall in renewable energy production. At the same time, the implementation of environmental projects has remarkably livened up waste treatment and increased the consumption of waste fuel and biogas for electricity generation.  In 2013, wind energy production accounted for 40% of total renewable energy and increased nearly one-fourth compared to 2012 (22%).

In 2013, over 20 million tons of oil shale was produced, production increased 9% compared to the previous year. The majority of oil shale is consumed in power plants and as raw material for shale oil. In 2013, compared to 2012, consumption by power plants increased 16%, with 85% of electricity being produced from oil shale. Year by year, the consumption of oil shale in the oil industry has increased, together with the growth in shale oil production. The production of shale oil increased more than 4% compared to 2012. and more than 85% of the production was exported. 40% of the exported shale oil went to Belgium, followed by exports to the Netherlands (20%) and Sweden (18%).

In the last years, wood pellets have become an important type of fuel in the energy market. In the last five years, the production of pellets has increased more than 1.5 times. In 2013, the production of wood pellets grew nearly 15% compared to 2012. More than 90% of the wood pellets produced were exported: 61% to Denmark and one-fifth to Sweden.

While the production of peat fuels decreased significantly in 2012 due to bad weather conditions, then in 2013 the production increased substantially compared to the previous year. Compared to 2012, the production of peat for fuel grew nearly two-thirds and the production of peat briquette – 8%.

Electricity production from renewable sources, 2002–2013

Diagramm: Electricity production from renewable sources, 2002–2013

Source: Statistics Estonia


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